Queenship in the High Middle Ages, c. 1100–1350

Beem, C. “‘Greatest in Her Offspring’: Motherhood and the Empress Matilda,” in C. Fleiner and E. Woodacre (eds), Virtuous or Villainess? The Image of the Royal Mother from the Early Medieval to the Early Modern Era, 85–100.

———. “The Virtuous Virago: The Empress Matilda and the Politics of Womanhood in Twelfth-century England,” in C. Levin and C. Stewart-Nuñez (eds.), Scholars and Poets Talk About Queens, 85–98.

Benz St. John, L., Three Medieval Queens: Queenship and Crown in Fourteenth-Century England (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012).

Bianchini, J., The Queen’s Hand: Power and Authority in the Reign of Berenguela of Castile (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012).

Blanton, V. “‘[. . .] the quene in Amysbery, a nunne in whyght clothys and blak [. . .]’: Guinevere’s Asceticism and Penance in Malory’s Le Morte D’Arthur,” Arthuriana  20:1 (2010): 52–75.

Borkowska, Urszula, “The Funeral Ceremonies of the Polish Kings from the Fourteenth to the Eighteenth Centuries,” The Journal of Ecclesiastical History 36 (1985), pp 513–34.

———, “Theatrum Ceremoniale at the Polish Court as a System of Social and Political Communication,” in Anna Adamska and Marco Mostert (eds), The Development of Literate Mentalities in East Central Europe (Turnhout: Brepols Publishers, 2004), pp. 431–50.

———, “Latin and Vernacular – Reading and Meditation: Two Polish Queens and Their Books,” in Sabrina Corbellini (ed.), Cultures of Religious Reading in the Late Middle Ages (Turnhout Brepols Publishers, 2013), pp. 219–46.

Bowie, C. M. “The daughters of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine: a comparative study of twelfth-century royal women,” doctoral dissertation, University of Glasgow, 2011.

———, “To Have and Have Not: The Dower of Joanna Plantagenet, Queen of Sicity (1177–1189)”, in E. Woodacre (ed.), Queenship in the Mediterranean, pp. 27–50.

Bull, M. and C. Léglu (eds), The World of Eleanor of Aquitaine: Literature and Society in Southern France between the Eleventh and Thirteenth Centuries (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2005).

Caviness, M., “Of Arms and the Woman in Medieval Europe: Fact. Fiction. Fantasy.” FKW // Zeitschrift für Geschlechterforschung und visuelle Kultur 54 (2013): http://www.fkw-journal.de/index.php/fkw/issue/current/showToc.

Cengel, Lauren, “Partners in Rule: A Study of Twelfth-Century Queens of England,” doctoral dissertation, Wittenberg University Honors Theses, 2012.

Chibnall, M., The Empress Matilda: Queen Consort, Queen Mother, and Lady of the English (Oxford: Blackwell, 1991).

Clements, J. H., “The Construction of Queenship in the Illustrated Estoire de Seint Aedward le Rei,” Gesta 52:1 (2013), pp. 21–42.

Dockray-Miller, M. The Books and Life of Judith of Flanders. Farnham: Ashgate, 2015.

———. Saints Edith and Æthelthryth: Princesses, Miracle Workers, and their Late Medieval Audience: The Wilton Chronicle and the Wilton Life of St Æthelthryth   Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 25. Turnhout: Brepols, 2009.

Earenfight, T., ‘Absent Kings: Queens as Political Partners in the Medieval Crown of Aragon’, in T. Earenfight (ed.), Queenship and Political Power in Medieval and Early Modern Spain (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005): 33–51.

Evans, M. R. Inventing Eleanor: The Medieval and Post-Medieval Image of Eleanor of Aquitaine. London: Bloomsbury, 2014.

Evans, Sandy, “Pays Gaste and Pucelle Gaste: Gendering Resistance in Garin le Loherenc, Gerbert de Mez, and Raoul de Cambrai,” Exemplaria 23:4 (2011), pp. 317–41.

Facinger, M., ‘A Study of Medieval Queenship: Capetian France, 987–1237’, Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History 5 (1968): 3–47.

Fößel, Amalie, “Gender and Rulership in the Medieval German Empire,” History Compass 7 (2009), pp. 55–65.

———, “The Political Traditions of Female Rulership in Medieval Europe.” In Judith M. Bennett and Ruth Mazo Karras (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013).

———, “The Queen’s Wealth in the Middle Ages,” Majestas 13 (2005), pp. 23–45.

Gathagan, L. L. “‘Mother of Heroes, Most Beautiful of Mothers’: Mathilda of Flanders and Royal Motherhood in the Eleventh Century,” in C. Fleiner and E. Woodacre (eds), Virtuous or Villainess? The Image of the Royal Mother from the Early Medieval to the Early Modern Era, 37­–64.

———. “The Trappings of Power: The Coronation of Mathilda of Flanders,” Haskins Society Journal 13 (2004): 21–39.

Hamilton, B., ‘Women in the Crusader States: The Queens of Jerusalem (1100–1190)’, in D. Baker (ed.), Medieval Women (Oxford: Blackwell, 1978): 143–73.

Herrin, J., Women in Purple: Rulers of Medieval Byzantium (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001).

Hill, B., Imperial Women in Byzantium, 1025–1204: Power, Patronage, and Ideology (New York: Longman, 1999).

Hilton, L., Queens Consort: England’s Medieval Queens (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2008).

Howell, M., Eleanor of Provence: Queenship in Thirteenth-Century England (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998).

Huneycutt, L., Matilda of Scotland: A Study in Medieval Queenship (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2003).

———, “‘Proclaiming her dignity abroad’: The Literary and Artistic Network of Matilda of Scotland, Queen of England, 1100–1118,” in June Hall McCash (ed.), The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1996), pp. 155–74.

Jasperse, J. “A Coin Bearing Testimony to Duchess Matilda as Consors Regni,” The Haskins Society Journal 26 (2014): 169–90.

———. “To Have and To Hold: Coins and Seals as Evidence for Motherly Authority,” in E. Woodacre and C. Fleiner (eds), Royal Mothers and Their Ruling Children, 83–104.

———. “Het culturele patronaat van Mathilde Plantagenet (1156-1189),” Millennium 21 (2007): 89–107.

———, “The Queen’s Masculine Kiss: Brechmunda’s Constituting Act in the Rolandslied,” Simulacrum 21:4 (2013): 44–51.

Karagianni, Alexandra. “Female Monarchs in the Medieval Byzantine Court: Prejudice, Disbelief, and Calumnies,” in E. Woodacre (ed.), Queenship in the Mediterranean, pp. 9–25.

Katz, M. “The Final Testamanet of Violante de Aragón (c. 1236–1300/01): Agency and (dis)Empowerment of a Dowager Queen,” in E. Woodacre (ed.), Queenship in the Mediterranean, pp. 51–71.

Kaufman, A. S. “Guenevere Burning,” Arthuriana  20:1 (2010): 52–75.

Keane, M. “Collaboration in the Hours of Jeanne de Navarre,” in Jean Pucelle: Innovation and Collaboration in Manuscript Painting, A. Russakoff and K. Pyun (eds.). Turnhout: Brepols, 2013. 131–48.

———. Material Culture and Queenship in 14th-century France: The Testament of Blanche of Navarre (1331–1398). Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2016.

———. “Memory and identity in the chapel of Blanche of Navarre at Saint-Denis,” in Citation, Intertextuality and Memory in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Vol 2: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives on Medieval Culture, Y. Plumley and G. di Bacco (eds.). Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2013. 123–36.

Keene, K., “‘Cherchez Eufeme’: The Evil Queen in ‘Le Roman de Silence,’” Arthuriana 14:3 (2004), pp. 3–22.

———, “Margaret of Scotland: The Biography of an Eleventh-century Queen and Saint,” doctoral dissertation, Southern Methodist University, 2006.

Kibler, William W. (ed.), Eleanor of Aquitaine: Patron and Politician (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1976).

Klaniczay, G., Holy Rulers and Blessed Princesses: Dynastic Cults in Medieval Central Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Klassen, J. M., Warring Maidens, Captive Wives, and Hussite Queens: Women and Men at War and at Peace in Fifteenth Century Bohemia (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000).

Lambert, Sarah, “Images of Queen Melisande,” in Juliana Dresvina and Nicholas Sparks (eds), Authority and Gender in Medieval and Renaissance Chronicles: Papers delivered at the Cambridge International Chronicles Symposium (Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars, 2012), 140–65.

Layher, W., Queenship and Voice in Medieval Northern Europe (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).

LoPrete, K. “Women, Gender and Lordship in France, c.1050–1250.” History Compass 5: 6 (2007): 1921–41.

Martin, T., Queen as King: Politics and Architectural Propaganda in Twelfth-Century Spain (Leiden: Brill, 2006).

Martindale, J., ‘Succession and Politics in the Romance-Speaking World’, in M. Jones and M. Vale (eds), England and Her Neighbours 1066–1453 (London: Hambledon Press, 1989): 19–41.

Mayer, H. E., ‘Studies in the History of Queen Melisende of Jerusalem’, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 26 (1972): 93–182.

McCracken, P., The Curse of Eve, the Wound of the Hero: Blood, Gender, and Medieval Literature. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003.

———, The Romance of Adultery: Queenship and Sexual Transgression in Old French Literature (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998).

Mielke, Christopher., “No Country for Old Women: Burial Practices and Patterns of Hungarian Queens of Árpád Dynasty (975–1301), doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, 2010.

Moore, L. “By hand and by voice: performance of royal charters in eleventh- and twelfth-century León,” Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies 5:1 (2013): 18–32.

Nolan, K., Queens in Stone and Silver: The Creation of a Visual Imagery of Queenship in Capetian France (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009).

Nolan, K., (ed.), Capetian Women (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003).

North, J. “The Construction of a Cultural Legacy: Queen María de Molina of Castile,” Doctoral Dissertation. University of Virginia, 2013.

———. “Queen Mother Knows Best: María de Molina and the Vestiges of Medieval Politics in Modern Historiography,” in E. Woodacre and C. Fleiner (eds), Royal Mothers and Their Ruling Children, 205–24.

Parsons, J. C., Eleanor of Castile: Queen and Society in Thirteenth-Century England (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995).

Proctor-Tiffany, M. “Lost and Found: Visualizing a Medieval Queen’s Destroyed Objects.” in E. Woodacre (ed.), Queenship in the Mediterranean, pp. 73–96.

———. “Transported as a rare object of distinction: the gift-giving of Clémence of Hungary, Queen of France,” Journal of Medieval History 41:2 (2015): 1–21.

Ramsey, S. D. “Deliberative rhetoric in the twelfth century: The case for Eleanor of Aquitaine, noblewomen, and the ars dictaminis.” Doctoral Dissertation. Bowling Green State University, 2012.

Reilly, B., The Kingdom of León-Castilla Under Queen Urraca, 1109–1126 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982).

Saghy, Marianne, “Women and Power in Medieval East Central Europe,” East Central Europe 1:21–23 (1991–1993), pp. 219–25.

Serrano Coll, M. “Iconografía de género: los sellos de las reinas de Aragón en la Edad Media (siglos XII-XVI),” Emblemata: Revista Aragonesa de Emblemática 12 (2006): 15–52.

Shadis, M., Berenguela of Castile (1180–1246) and Political Women in the High Middle Ages (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009).

———. “Women and Las Navas de Tolosa,” Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies: Special Issue on the 800th Anniversary of the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa. 4:1 (2012): 71–76.

Skovgaard-Peterson, I. and N. Damsholt, ‘Queenship in Medieval Denmark’, in J. C. Parsons (ed.), Medieval Queenship (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1992): 25–42.

Slater, Laura, “Defining Queenship at Greyfriars London, c.1300–58.” Gender and History 27:1 (2015): 53–76.

———. “Queen Isabella of France and the Politics of the Taymouth Hours,” Viator 43:2 (2012), pp. 209–45.

Slitt, Rebecca, “The Boundaries of Women’s Power: Gender and the Discourse of Political Friendship in Twelfth-Century England,” Gender & History (2012), 24: 1–17.

Tolhurst, F. Geoffrey of Monmouth and the Translation of Female Kingship (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).

Trindade, A., Berengaria: In Search of Richard the Lionheart’s Queen (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 1999).

Turner, R. V., Eleanor of Aquitaine: Queen of France, Queen of England (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009).

———, “Eleanor of Aquitaine, Twelfth-Century English Chroniclers and her ‘Black Legend’,” Nottingham Medieval Studies 52 (2008), pp. 17–42.

Verbanaz, Nina K., Portrayals of Women in Violent Situations in Texts of the High Middle Ages,” doctoral dissertation, University of Missouri-Columbia, 2008.

Ward, E. J. “Anne of Kiev (c.1024–c.1075) and a reassessment of maternal power in the minority kingship of Philip I of France.” Historical Research 89:245 (2016): 435–53.

Weikert, K. “The Empress Matilda and Motherhood in Popular Fiction, 1970s to the Present,” in C. Fleiner and E. Woodacre (eds), Virtuous or Villainess? The Image of the Royal Mother from the Early Medieval to the Early Modern Era, 225–46.

Wheeler, B. and J. C. Parsons, (eds), Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003).

Wilkinson, L., “Maternal Abandonment and Surrogate Caregivers: Isabella of Angoulême and Her Children by King John,” in C. Fleiner and E. Woodacre (eds), Virtuous or Villainess? The Image of the Royal Mother from the Early Medieval to the Early Modern Era, 101–24.

———, “The Rules of Robert Grosseteste Reconsidered: The Lady as Estate and Household Manager in Thirteenth-Century England,” in Cordelia Beattie, Anna Maslakovic and Sarah Rees Jones (eds), The Medieval Household in Christian Europe, c. 850–1550 (Turnhout: Brepols Publisher, 2003), pp. 293–306.


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