Legitimizing the King’s Wife and Bed-companion, c. 700–1100

Caviness, M., “Of Arms and the Woman in Medieval Europe: Fact. Fiction. Fantasy.” FKW // Zeitschrift für Geschlechterforschung und visuelle Kultur 54 (2013): http://www.fkw-journal.de/index.php/fkw/issue/current/showToc.

Chodor, J., ‘Queens in Early Medieval Chronicles of East Central Europe’, East Central Europe 1: 21–23 (1991): 9–50.

Cimino, R. “Italian queens in the ninth and tenth centuries,” Doctoral Dissertation. University of St Andrews, 2014.

D’Amico, H., ‘Beowulf’s Foreign Queen and the Politics of Eleventh-Century England,’ in V. Blanton and H. Scheck (eds), Intertexts: Studies in Anglo-Saxon Culture Presented to Paul E. Szarmarch (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2008): 209–40.

Firth, Matthew. “Deconstructing the Female Antagonist of the Coronation Scandal in B’s Vita Dunstani.” English Studies (2021): 1­–20.

Foessel, A., “The Political Traditions of Female Rulership in Medieval Europe.” In Judith M. Bennett and Ruth Mazo Karras (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013).

Fuente, M. J. “¿Reina la reina? Mujeres en la cúspide del poder en los reinos hispánicos de la edad media (siglos VI-XIII),” Espacio, Tiempo y Forma. Historia Medieval 16 (2003): 53–71.

Garcia de la Puente, Ines, “Gleb of Minsk’s Widow: Neglected Evidence on the Rule of a Woman in Rus’ian History?” Russian History 39:3 (2012). pp. 347–78.

Gillingham, John. “Women, children and the profits of war.” In Janet L. Nelson and Susan Reynolds, with Susan M. Johns (eds.). Gender and Historiography: Studies in the History of the Earlier Middle Ages in Honour of Pauline Stafford. London: Institute of Historical Research, 2012.

Halfond, G. I. “Sis Quoque Catholicis Religionis Apex”: The Ecclesiastical Patronage of Chilperic I and Fredegund,” Church History 81 (2012): 48–76.

Heidecker, K. The Divorce of Lothar II: Christian Marriage and Political Power in the Carolingian World.  Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2010.

Herrin, J., Women in Purple: Rulers of Medieval Byzantium (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001).

Hill, B., Imperial Women in Byzantium, 1025–1204: Power, Patronage, and Ideology (New York: Longman, 1999).

James, L., ‘Goddess, Whore, Wife or Slave: Will the Real Byzantine Empress Please Stand Up?’, in A. J. Duggan (ed.), Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1997): 123–39.

James, L. and B. Hill, ‘Women and Politics in the Byzantine Empire: Imperial Women’, in L. E. Mitchell (ed.), Women in Medieval Western European Culture (New York: Garland, 1999): 157–78.

Joye, Sylvie. “Carolingian rulers and marriage in the age of Louis the Pious and his sons.” In Janet L. Nelson and Susan Reynolds, with Susan M. Johns (eds.). Gender and Historiography: Studies in the History of the Earlier Middle Ages in Honour of Pauline Stafford. London: Institute of Historical Research, 2012.

Karkov, C. E., The Ruler Portraits of Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2004).

Keller, Katrin. “Gender and Ritual: Crowning Empresses in the Holy Roman Empire.” German History37: 2 (June 2019), 172–85.

Klein, S. S., Ruling Women: Queenship and Gender in Anglo-Saxon Literature (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2006).

Kotsis, K. “Defining Female Authority in Eighth-Century Byzantium: The Numismatic Images of the Empress Irene (797–802),” Journal of Late Antiquity 5:1 (2012): 185–215.

———. “Empress Theodora: A Holy Mother,” in C. Fleiner and E. Woodacre (eds), Virtuous or Villainess? The Image of the Royal Mother from the Early Medieval to the Early Modern Era, 11–36.

———. “Mothers of the Empire: Empresses Zoe and Theodora on a Byzantine Medallion Cycle,” Medieval Feminist Forum 48:1 (2012): 5–96.

MacLean, Simon. Ottonian Queenship. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.

MacLean, Simon. “Queenship, Nunneries, and Royal Widowhood in Carolingian Europe.” Past and Present 178 (2003): 3–38.

McNamara, J. and S. Wemple, ‘The Power of Women Through the Family in Medieval Europe, 500–1100’, Feminist Studies 1 (1973): 126–41.

Mikó, Árpád, “A Queen in Buda,” The Hungarian Quarterly 181 (2006), pp. 134–43.

Nash, Penelope. “Demonstrations of Imperium: Byzantine Influences in the Late Eighth and Tenth Centuries in the West.” Australian Association for Byzantine Studies, 7(2011): 159–172.

Nash, Penelope. “Memories and Memorials of Literature and Art at the Turn of the First Millennium.” In Memorialising Premodern Monarchs, ed. Gabrielle Storey. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2022, pp. 169–96.

Nash, Penelope. Empress Adelheid and Countess Matilda: Medieval Female Rulership and the Foundations of European Society, Queenship and Power (Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017).

Nash, Penelope. “Empress Adelheid’s Vulnerabilities as Mother and Ruler,” in Woodacre and Fleiner (eds), Royal Mothers and Their Ruling Children, 127–48.

Nash, Penelope. “L’Imperatrice e la Contessa: Adelaide di Borgogna modello per Matilde di Canossa?” In P. Golinelli (ed.), Matilde nel Veneto (Bologna: Pàtron, 2016).

Nash, Penelope. “Maintaining Elite Households in Germany and Italy, 900-1115: Finances, Control, and Patronage.” In Theresa Earenfight (ed). Royal and Elite Households in Medieval and Early Modern Europe: More than Just a Castle. Leiden: Brill, 2018, pp. 42–72.

Nash, Penelope. “The Ottonians Turn their Gaze West to the Court of al-Andalus.” Journal of the Australian Early Medieval Association 12 (2017): 51–66.

Nash, Penelope. “Perceptions of Tenth-Century European Elites by Hrotsvitha of Gandersheim, Thietmar of Merseburg, Odilo of Cluny, the Quedlinburg Annales, and other Contemporary Chroniclers.” Journal of the Australian Early Medieval Association 10 (2014): 77–95.

Nash, Penelope. “Reality and Ritual in the Medieval King’s Emotions of Ira and Clementia. In M. Champion and A. Lynch (eds), Understanding Emotions in Medieval and Early Modern Europe (Turnhout: Brepols, 2015), pp. 251–71.

Nash, Penelope. “Shifting Terrain – Italy and Germany Dancing to their Own Tapestry.” Journal of the Australian Early Medieval Association, 6 (2010): 53–73.

Nash, Penelope. “Women and Power: Thoughts Arising out of the Roundtable ‘Debating Women and Power in the Middle Ages.” Medieval Feminist Forum 51:2 (2015: 39–60.

Nelson, J. L., ‘The Lord’s Anointed and the People’s Choice: Carolingian Royal Ritual’, in D. Cannadine and S. Price (eds), Rituals of Royalty: Power and Ceremonial in Traditional Societies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987): 137–80.

Nelson, J. L., ‘Women at the Court of Charlemagne: A Case of Monstrous Regiment?’, in J. C. Parsons (ed.), Medieval Queenship (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1992): 43–61.

Ni, Yun. “Reinventing Rule: The Queen’s Two Bodies in Clemence of Barking’s Vie de Sainte Catherine.” Neophilologus103:1 (2019): 5–21.

Nolan, K., Queens in Stone and Silver: The Creation of a Visual Imagery of Queenship in Capetian France (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009).

Pac, Grzegorz. “Queen-Widow, Family Sepulchre and Ottonian Descent in Eleventh-Century Rhineland.” Frühmittelalterliche Studien 55:1 (2021): 369–97.

Preston-Matto, Lahney, “Queens as Political Hostages in Pre-Norman Ireland: Derbforgaill and the Three Gormlaiths,” JEGP, Journal of English and Germanic Philology 109:2 (2010), pp. 141–61.

Runcimann, S., ‘The Empress Irene the Athenian’, in D. Baker (ed.), Medieval Women (Oxford: Blackwell, 1978): 101–18.

Savary, Gohar Grigoryan. “Mariun: An Exiled Queen’s Pilgrimage and Death in Jerusalem.” Al-ʿUsur al-Wusta 29:1 (2021): 217–55.

Searle, E., ‘Women and the Legitimisation of Succession at the Norman Conquest.’ Anglo- Norman Studies 3 (1980): 159–70.

Stafford, P., Queen Emma and Queen Edith: Queenship and Women’s Power in Eleventh- Century England (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997).

Stafford, P., ‘Queens and Queenship’, in P. Stafford (ed.), A Companion to the Early Middle Ages: Britain and Ireland, c.500–c.1100 (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009): 459–76.

Thomas, E. J. “The ‘second jezebel’: representations of the sixth-century Queen Brunhild.” Doctoral Dissertation. University of Glasgow, 2012.

Tyler, Elizabeth M., “Crossing Conquests: Polyglot Royal Women and Literary Culture in Eleventh-Century England,” in Elizabeth M. Tyler (ed.), Conceptualizing Multilingualism in England, c.800-c.1250 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2011), pp. 171–96.

Vann, T. M., ‘The Theory and Practice of Medieval Castilian Queenship’, in T. M. Vann (ed.), Queens, Regents, and Potentates (Dallas, TX: Academia, 1993): 125–47.

Verbanaz, Nina. “A ‘Necessary Companion’: The Salian Consort’s Expected Role in Governance.” In Heather J. Tanner (ed.), Medieval Elite Women and the Exercise of Power, 1100–1400: Moving beyond the Exceptionalist Debate. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, pp. 177–97.

Vukašinović, Milan. “Great Is the Imperial Dignity: Voices, Adventus, and Power of the First Macedonian Empresses.” Byzantinoslavica: Revue internationale des Etudes Byzantines75 (2017): 99–115.

Ward, Emily Joan. “Diplomatic Women: Mothers, Sons and Preparation for Rule in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries.” Frühmittelalterliche Studien 55:1 (2021): 399–429.

Welton, Megan. “Domina et Fidelibus Eius: Elite Households in Tenth-Century Francia and Anglo-Saxon England.” In Theresa Earenfight (ed). Royal and Elite Households in Medieval and Early Modern Europe: More than Just a Castle. Leiden: Brill, 2018, pp. 15–41.

Welton, Megan, and Sarah Greer. “Establishing Just Rule.” Frühmittelalterliche Studien 55:1 (2021): 315–42.

Wilson, A. J., St. Margaret, Queen of Scotland (Edinburgh: Donald, 1993).

Wragg, Stefany. “An ‘Authorized Fiction’: Towards a Biography of Anonymous 756.” Royal Studies Journal 8:2 (2021), 26–54.

Wragg, Stefany. (2022). Early English Queens, 650–850: Speculum Reginae. London: Routledge, 2022.

Zajac, T. “Gloriosa Regina or “Alien Queen”?: Some Reconsiderations on Anna Yaroslavna’s Queenship (r. 1050-1075).” Royal Studies Journal 3:1 (2016) [DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21039/rsj.v3i1.88%5D

1 thought on “Legitimizing the King’s Wife and Bed-companion, c. 700–1100”

  1. Awesome, seriously. Awesome. Great presentation. Thanks for sharing. It is very helpful.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s